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Digital Publishing and Intellectual Property Rights

Digital Publishing and Intellectual Property Rights

  • Abstract: A discussion of how scholars and researchers can take full advantage of opportunities afforded by digital technology in today's legal environment, and advocate for positive change.This panel is part of the series Research without Borders: The Changing World of Scholarly Communication.
  • Location: Intercultural Resource Center (IRC), 2nd Floor, 552 West 114th Street, MC 5755
  • Speakers
    • Kenneth Crews, Director of Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office
    • Michael Carroll, Visiting Professor of Law at American University's Washington College of Law, a founding member of the Board of Directors of Creative Commons
    • Heather Joseph, Executive Director of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition(SPARC) and spokesperson for the Alliance for Taxpayer Access

Who really owns your scholarly work... (Kenneth Crews)

  • who cares --
    • you do (advancement of good work, future of scholarship),
    • publishers (economic models of publishing, growth and survival)
    • libraries (escalating costs, mission of information access)
  • why now - new opportunities for dissemination, control, confusion; new formats, multidirectional communication
    • new players - library as publisher, reader as author, public as investor, google;
    • changing copyright control and importance of contracts - increased copyright protection
  • copy right law - legal scene
    • protects nearly everything - original works, fixed in a tangible medium
    • automatic protection - no requirement of formalities, protection for long term (life of author + 70 years) and broad scope of rights
    • author is copyright owner, joint authorship
      • alternatives - work for hire, transfer of copyright, divisibility of copyrights
    • benefits of agreement - clarification of rights, sharing of rights, avoid copyright as monolith
  • good agreements
    • identification of author and third-party materials
    • confirm status - whose name, public domain, creative commons?
    • license to publisher - why not transfer (what does publisher need? license, etc?)
      • rights retained by author - into repository, obligations of open access, future scholarship and teaching

Open Access and Author Control of Copyright (Michael Carroll)

  • context of information environment - compare percent of people recycling content
  • changes in physical environment require action to avoid threat and instead go to more opportunity
  • who's in charge? the authors - automatic since 1710 for author's rights
    • standard story is researchers write or impact no for money
      • publisher needs to have an impact, publisher's brand name becomes a symbol of impact
    • trade copyright for a share in publisher's trademark - no longer in author's interest
  • scholarly communication - terms of trade fair are not fair
    • 'unethical' to not read agreement and just sign
  • new methods and output forums - "open access"
    • internet now allows dissemination - material available for free on the internet == "open access"
    • not a specific model that embodies this - just allow people to access a file
      • delayed access - those with membership get it first, eventually all get it; sustainable because inside wall need to be on cutting edge
    • five audiences: serendipitous reader (not searching for specific), under-resourced readers (can't afford inside costs), interdisciplinary (marginal discipline readers), international (no longer US centric), machine readers (science information is blocked/limited)
  • what's there ? OA Journals
    • fee based OA journals - assumed to be only kind, but a minority
    • PLoS - public library of science is an example; humanities ([[philsophersinprint.org]])
  • need to read the copyrights and make open access a possibility

    Contributed Discussion

  • Acronyms
  • Interesting links
  • Event links

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